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ESO 4. Biology and Geology

4. Natural History of the Earth
Why is the fossil record gappy and uneven?
Why is the fossil record gappy and uneven?
Ripple marks
Ripple marks
Artistic depiction of the protoplanetary disk
Artistic depiction of the protoplanetary disk
Artistic depiction of the process of accretion in the protoplanetary disk
Artistic depiction of the process of accretion in the protoplanetary disk
Artistic depiction of the collision between Theia and the Earth (I)
Artistic depiction of the collision between Theia and the Earth (I)
Artistic depiction of the collision between Theia and the Earth (II)
Artistic depiction of the collision between Theia and the Earth (II)
Acasta gneiss (I)
Acasta gneiss (I)
Acasta gneiss (II)
Acasta gneiss (II)
Earth's ice through geologic time
Earth's ice through geologic time
Earth's clock
Earth's clock
Fossil stromatolites
Fossil stromatolites
Alive stromatolites in Shark Bay, Australia
Alive stromatolites in Shark Bay, Australia
Filamentous cyanobacteria
Filamentous cyanobacteria
Depiction of Ediacaran life forms
Depiction of Ediacaran life forms
Anatomy of trilobites
Anatomy of trilobites
Trilobite in lateral and ventral views
Trilobite in lateral and ventral views
Enrolled trilobite
Enrolled trilobite
Cruziana, trackways of trilobites (I)
Cruziana, trackways of trilobites (I)
Cruziana, trackways of trilobites (II)
Cruziana, trackways of trilobites (II)
Reconstruction of an ammonite
Reconstruction of an ammonite
Large ammonite fossil
Large ammonite fossil
Iridiscent ammonite fossil
Iridiscent ammonite fossil
The truth about dinosaurs
The truth about dinosaurs
Fossil of <i>Archaeopteryx</i> (I)
Fossil of Archaeopteryx (I)
Fossil of <i>Archaeopteryx</i> (II) with impressions of feathers
Fossil of Archaeopteryx (II) with impressions of feathers
Fossil of <i>Archaeopteryx</i> (III) with impressions of feathers
Fossil of Archaeopteryx (III) with impressions of feathers
Replica of an <i>Archaeopteryx</i> skeleton
Replica of an Archaeopteryx skeleton
Model of <i>Archaeopteryx</i>
Model of Archaeopteryx
The crater of Chicxulub
The crater of Chicxulub
Phylogenetic tree of Primates
Phylogenetic tree of Primates
Hominoids' skeletons
Hominoids' skeletons
Phylogenetic tree of Hominines (I)
Phylogenetic tree of Hominines (I)
Phylogenetic tree of Hominines (II)
Phylogenetic tree of Hominines (II)
Phylogenetic tree of Hominines (III)
Phylogenetic tree of Hominines (III)
Pelvic girdle in hominines
Pelvic girdle in hominines
Toumaï (<i>Sahelanthhropus tchadensis</i>)
Toumaï (Sahelanthhropus tchadensis)
<i>Ardipithecus ramidus</i>
Ardipithecus ramidus
<i>Paranthropus aethiopicus</i>
Paranthropus aethiopicus
<i>Paranthropus boisei</i> (I)
Paranthropus boisei (I)
<i>Paranthropus boisei</i> (II)
Paranthropus boisei (II)
<i>Kenyanthropus platyops</i>
Kenyanthropus platyops
Lucy (<i>Australopithecus afarensis</i>)
Lucy (Australopithecus afarensis)
Reconstruction of the skull of <i>Australopithecus afarensis</i>
Reconstruction of the skull of Australopithecus afarensis
Mrs. Ples (<i>Australopithecus africanus</i>)
Mrs. Ples (Australopithecus africanus)
<i>Homo habilis</i>
Homo habilis
Turkana boy (<i>Homo ergaster</i>)
Turkana boy (Homo ergaster)
Incomplete skull of <i>Homo antecessor</i> from Atapuerca (Spain)
Incomplete skull of Homo antecessor from Atapuerca (Spain)
<i>Homo heidelbergensis</i>
Homo heidelbergensis
<i>Homo neanderthalensis</i>
Homo neanderthalensis
Archaic <i>Homo sapiens</i> (Cro-Magnon)
Archaic Homo sapiens (Cro-Magnon)
Comparison between <i>H. sapiens</i> and <i>H. neanderthalensis</i> skulls
Comparison between H. sapiens and H. neanderthalensis skulls
7. The Earth's Internal Energy
Earth's cutaway
Earth's cutaway
Convection currents in the Asthenosphere
Convection currents in the Asthenosphere
Prominent hotspots (I)
Prominent hotspots (I)
Prominent hotspots (II)
Prominent hotspots (II)
Heat flow in the Geosphere
Heat flow in the Geosphere
The structure of a volcano
The structure of a volcano
Mount Egmont volcano in New Zealand
Mount Egmont volcano in New Zealand
Cleveland volcano in the Aleutian Islands
Cleveland volcano in the Aleutian Islands
Volcanic landscape in Saudi Arabia
Volcanic landscape in Saudi Arabia
Hawaii archipelago
Hawaii archipelago
Mons Olympus volcano in Mars
Mons Olympus volcano in Mars
The Pacific Ring of Fire
The Pacific Ring of Fire
Map of volcanoes
Map of volcanoes
Map of earthquakes
Map of earthquakes
Map of earthquakes epicenters in the past decades
Map of earthquakes epicenters in the past decades
Quakes in the Kuril-Kamchatka Trench
Quakes in the Kuril-Kamchatka Trench
Types of seismic waves
Types of seismic waves
Diagram of the formation of a tsunami
Diagram of the formation of a tsunami
Water retreatment in the coast of Sri-Lanka before the tsunami
Water retreatment in the coast of Sri-Lanka before the tsunami
The Himalayas
The Himalayas
The opening of the Atlantic Ocean according to Antonio Snider-Pellegrini in 1858
The opening of the Atlantic Ocean according to Antonio Snider-Pellegrini in 1858
Pangaea
Pangaea
Labelled map of the tectonic plates
Labelled map of the tectonic plates
Blank map of the tectonic plates
Blank map of the tectonic plates
Earth's map showing the oceanic relief
Earth's map showing the oceanic relief
Oceanic relief in the northern Pacific
Oceanic relief in the northern Pacific
The structure of a continental margin
The structure of a continental margin
Types of tectonic boundaries
Types of tectonic boundaries
Divergent tectonic boundary in Iceland
Divergent tectonic boundary in Iceland
Divergent tectonic boundary in the Persian Gulf
Divergent tectonic boundary in the Persian Gulf
Convergent tectonic boundary between two continental plates
Convergent tectonic boundary between two continental plates
Convergent tectonic boundary between two continental plates: the Himalayas
Convergent tectonic boundary between two continental plates: the Himalayas
Convergent tectonic boundary between an oceanic and a continental plate
Convergent tectonic boundary between an oceanic and a continental plate
Marianas trench
Marianas trench
Bathyscaphe Trieste
Bathyscaphe Trieste
Convergent tectonic boundary between an oceanic plate and a mixed plate
Convergent tectonic boundary between an oceanic plate and a mixed plate
Transform boundary in the San Andreas fault
Transform boundary in the San Andreas fault
Peridotite
Peridotite
Gabbro
Gabbro
Diorite
Diorite
Grey granite
Grey granite
Red granite
Red granite
Syenite
Syenite
Pegmatite
Pegmatite
Porphyry
Porphyry
Andesite
Andesite
Basalt
Basalt
Pumice
Pumice
Obsidiane
Obsidiane
Slate
Slate
Phyllite
Phyllite
Micaceous schist
Micaceous schist
Micaceous garnetiferous schist
Micaceous garnetiferous schist
Banded gneiss
Banded gneiss
Augen gneiss
Augen gneiss
Marble
Marble
Quartzite
Quartzite

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