ESO 4 B&G 3

The Evolution of Living Matter

What to Learn

  • Ideas on the origin and transmutation of species across time. The advent of the evolutionary thought (common descent and transmutation of species).
  • Signs of evolution: adaptive radiation, adaptive convergence, fossil series, geographical distribution of fossils, biochemical similarities.
  • Lamarck's mechanism of evolutionary change.
  • Darwin and Wallace's mechanism of evolutionary change: evolution by natural selection driven by the environment.
  • Genetics and evolution: mutation, recombination, natural selection of alleles and genetic drift.
  • Evolution by natural selection in action: some examples.
  • Main outcomes of the evolution by natural selection: adaptation, extinction, coevolution and speciation.

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